Most likely, the property you are purchasing has a history. In some cases, the property’s history can have errors or defects that can affect your home purchase. A title search is conducted to find these errors and have them corrected as quickly as possible.
There are a few different types of errors that could affect your purchase. One of the most common, is a clerical or filing error. For example, there could be an inaccurate description of your property. This type of discrepancy could cause issues in receiving the needed loan amount which in turn would affect your ability to purchase your home. Filing errors also occur with respect to legal documents, pending legal action or unreleased mortgages that were not properly filed for public records. All of these could result in unnecessary stress and additional costs.
In order to make sure your home title is clean and there are no errors, a title search is conducted. The title search process includes an examination of all documents associated with the property you are purchasing and will include judgments, street and sewer assessments, special taxes and assessments. They are examined by the office of recorders or register of deeds, clerk of courts and other municipal and county officials.
While there is no way to completely avoid errors and mistakes, having an owner’s policy and title insurance will help protect your ownership rights from errors and defects found in public records. Both your legal costs and certain losses that you sustained as a result of an error with your title may be covered by title insurance.